The Belarusian State University is a leading scientific, educational, innovation and cultural centre of the Republic of Belarus. Belarusian State University (BSU) Minsk, Belarus, was founded on October 30, 1921. It exercises its’ potential which is based on the best domestic and international experience in order to comply with intellectual, cultural and social demands and interests of the individual, society and state and to facilitate the sustainable development of the country. The University Strategy is based on creative cooperation of academic staff and students and aimed at
• performing educational, research and innovation programs;
• forming an auspicious conditions for development of intellectual and creative potential of individual;
• cherishing and upholding the best traditions of university classic education;
• securing a fitting place in the world educational area.
Belarusian State University: traditions and technologies
Belarusian State University: facts and figures
The entire complex of the Belarusian State University includes 16 faculties and 6 educational institutes, 10 educational establishments, 10 research and development institutes and centers, 41 research and developments laboratories, 10 innovation and production enterprises. The entire complex of the BSU includes about 8500 staff including about 3000 teaching staff and 500 research staff.
BSU in international rankings
According to major international rankings the BSU is among 2 per cent of world leading universities out of 30 thousand educational institutions. According to QS international ranking in 2015 BSU is among 430 best world universities. The BSU is the only Belarusian university on the list of the prestigious Times Higher Education World University Rankings occupying 601-800 positions. The Webometrics Ranking of World Universities also places the Belarusian State University among top 2 per cent of world universities (609 place).
On February 25, 1919, the Central Executive Committee of the Byelorussian SSR resolved to establish the first national university in Belarus. However, the occupation of Minsk by the Polish army delayed these plans, and the university was actually opened on October 30, 1921. The historian and slavist Vladimir Picheta became its first rector.
After Belarus gained independence from the USSR in 1991, Belarusian State University was officially recognized as the leading establishment of higher education in the new nation. New faculties and institutes were created: the Faculty of International Relations (1995), the State Institute of Management and Social Technologies (2003), the Military Faculty (2003), the St. Methodius and Cyril Theological Institute (2004), the Humanities Faculty (2004); the Institute of Business and Technology Management (2006), the Confucius Institute for Sinology (2007). In 2008 the Faculty of Journalism was reorganized into the Institute of Journalism. The university also established university preparation and continuous education centers. Several new research centers were founded as well: the Centers for Particle and High Energy Physics (1993), Ozonosphere Monitoring (1997), Applied Problems in Mathematics and Computer Science (2000), and Human Problems (2000). New buildings were constructed for the Faculties of Biology, Philosophy and Social Sciences, and International Relations, the Institute of Journalism, and the university television center.
The core of the BSU is made of the academic community of teachers, researches, students and postgraduate students. Today the BSU has about 3000 teaching staff occupying full-time teaching positions within university's major faculties and institutes. The BSU teaching staff includes 15 academicians of the National Academy of Science of Belarus, 16 Corresponding Members of the National Academy of Science of Belarus, 400 Doctors of Science and 1840 PhD degree holders.
The BSU students’ community consists of more than 30,000 undergraduate and graduate students, postgraduate and postdoctoral students. Full-time students, who successfully pass exams, receive scholarships and study free of charge.
The University annual enrollment exceeds 5000 students. The BSU is an attractive place of study for many international students. Today more than 2000 international students from 53 countries of world are pursuing their education at the BSU.
As of now the Belarusian State University is a leading higher educational establishment in the national system of education. It is a significant educational, research and industrial complex consisting of numerous educational, research and manufacturing enterprises.
Belarusian State University offers a variety of educational programs at all levels of education. The Higher Education Program is organized at the BSU major Faculties and Educational Institutes through 74 specialties and 278 specializations. The BSU offers training in more than 75 specialties within its Master’s Degree Program. The PhD Program which is aimed to prepare highly qualified researchers holding a Candidate of Science (Ph.D.) degree is provided through 125 specialties of different branches of science.
In order to equip international students with the Russian Language and learning strategies and skills which enable them to study professional disciplines and be admitted to a degree programs the BSU provides pre-university education program.
Domestic and international students may benefit from a variety of Non-degree Programs, such as Student internships, research internships, study-and-travel tours, Russian\Belarusian as a Foreign Language Courses.
Today the BSU includes 4 research institutes, 3 national scientific centers and 7 unitary enterprises. The research carried out by the university staff at faculties and departments is coordinated and directed General Directorate of Science. Annually more than 1000 various scientific publications and more than 5000 articles are publishes, more than 100 scientific and practical conferences are held.
Belarusian State University is one of the leading universities at the market of development projects. Currently, the university holds 297 assignments (tasks) on 12 state programs of research. BSU is a leading organization and executor in 8 programs.
The University is an umbrella organization-executor of SSTP «Standards and scientific instruments”, 2011-2015, (sub-program “Scientific and educational equipment”), and the Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Problems of BSU is an umbrella organization-executor of SSTP “Chemical technology and production, 2011-2015 (subprogram “Low-tonnage chemistry”) and an umbrella organization-executor of SSTP “Pharmaceutical substances and drugs”, 2011-2015, (subprogram “Drugs”). In 2002, a scientific and technological project “biodiesel” was launched. Here BSU acts as the government customer and executive in charge. The technology is aimed to produce a clean fuel for diesel engines from renewable raw materials – rape. Within the framework of the State Program of innovative development of the Republic of Belarus for 2007-2010, the technology developed in the Institute of Physical and Chemical Problems, BSU, on the basis of JSC “Grodno Nitrogen” put into commercial operation production of fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel) capacity of 7 tons and mix diesel biofuel with capacity of 140 thousand tons per year. In 2008, 107 tons of the mix of biodiesel in the amount of BYR 147.0 billion was produced and sold to consumers.
BSU research institutions created more than 300 products represented in a database of scientific and technical products of the university. Among the most interesting developments of SPC of food supplements of UE “Unitechprom BSU” is complex technological additives to stabilize the quality of flour, phytocompositions for bakery and confectionery products based on phyto-raw materials, compositions of bakeries for people with impaired protein metabolism to prevent cardiovascular diseases, etc.
Today our university has over 400 international agreements signed with universities and scientific institutes out of more than 50 countries of the world and that makes the BSU country's leader in this field. Among the BSU partners are the leading European HEI's, such as Bochum, Jena, Oldenburg, Leipzig universities in Germany, university of Toulouse and Savoy in France, universities of Padua, Trento, Perugia in Italy, Barcelona, Granada and Malaga universities in Spain, universities of Warsaw, Wroclaw and Krakow in Po-land, Charles and Karlow universities in Czech Republic, Vilnius and Latvian universities in the Baltic states, and many others.
Relationships with scientific and education establishments of the countries of South-Eastern Asia appear to be strategic. Today the BSU cooperates with 20 HEI's of China, among them Chinese University of International Relations, Beijing University, Shanghai University, leading universities of Heyludzyan province, Harbin Polytechnic University and Harbin University of Science and Technology. Our university is proud to host the Confucius Institute, Chinese partner in this matter is Dalian Polytechnic University.
Bilateral cooperation includes different forms of joint activities:
• exchanges of Undergraduate, Master and PhD students for studies and research training
• teaching, administrative and research staff exchanges
• joint Master and PhD programs
• joint research projects, conferences and seminars
• exchange of scientific, methodical literature, and periodical editions
• sharing experience and best practices in the sphere of university management;
• cooperation in the sphere of R&D products
Belarusian State University belongs to a highly internationalized university community and puts a great attention to cooperation with foreign partners both at inter-university level and within international projects framework. 25-30 international projects focused on academic exchanges, modernization of university management, design of joint study programmes, development of infrastructure, organization of conferences, seminars and other events within such programmes as Tempus, Erasmus Mundus, Jean Monnet, EU Cross-Border Cooperation, DAAD, FPB-Belarus, SIDA, VISBY, Baltic University, CIMO, Visegrad Fund, CEI Fund, Eurasia, UNICEF, UNESCO and many others are implemented at BSU annually. Currently BSU is successfully involved into 9 Tempus and 6 Erasmus Mundus projects addressing academic mobility (EMA 2), curricular development (ACES, NETCENG, TRADIR, Сomolte, ENERGY), human security (HUMAN), promotion of innovations (SUCSID), university management (INURE) and internationalization (PICASA).
The BSU is the largest international cooperation center in field of education and science in the country. A number of centers work under the university, among them:
• Informational Center of European Union
• Informational Point of European Union
• Center on UN Studies
• Center for International Studies
• Center of Academic Mobility, etc.
Academic mobility takes particular importance in the modern world today and is the main component of the inter-university cooperation. More than 1500 teachers, young scientists, undergraduates, master students and postgraduate students of the Belarusian State University travel abroad every year to undergo scientific training, deliver lectures, participate in conferences, as well as to do research and make joint international projects.
Most visiting countries are represented by the world's and regional leaders in economical and cultural development. International Programs and Project Office helps students and staff to apply for international scholarships and grants in order to fund their study and research visits abroad. The information is provided by means of e-mailings, information meetings and presentations, as well as individual counselling.
Most part of outgoing academic mobility is funded by European and international programs, such as Erasmus Mundus, Visby, DAAD, GFPS, Marie Curie International Incoming Fellowships, International Visegrad Fund, Huygens Scholarship Programme, Lithuanian Scholarships, Gerda-Henkel Scholarships, Polish Governmental Scholarships and many others.
All university study buildings are equipped with well-furnished classrooms, seminar rooms and reading lounges. There are 70 computer laboratories and 4 media classrooms.
Information Resources of the University Network include web-server, web-servers of the faculties and subdivisions of the BSU and Intranet-Server of BSU. Students are thought on the basis of with the best methods and the latest technologies of knowledge acquisition with use of distant training technologies, such as eUniversity, Moodle and eLearning systems. Computer-Aided Network Information System «University» enables effective administrative procedures for staff and students through electronic registration and issue of the personal documents. The BSU Lyceum uses the distant training system for publishing electronic training materials on the Internet. International students who study Russian as a Foreign Language at the Faculty of Pre-University Education are able to use a specially designed electronic software “Study Russian”.
In February 2010, Supercomputer SKIF was mounted in the BSU. It allows running tasks simultaneously on the 288 CPUs. It is one of the centers of the national scientific and educational GRID-network. Access to the Supercomputer resources within the university network is granted to the faculty members, scientific collaborators, undergraduates, Master and doctoral students.
In 2015 the Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to the graduate of the Belarusian State University Svetlana Alexievich. Svetlana Alexievich graduated from the Faculty of Journalism of the Belarusian State University in 1972. Her diploma thesis was devoted to Literary Criticism in the "Neman" journal. According to the press release of the Swedish Academy, the prize has been awarded to the Belarusian writer "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time."
Among other notable alumni of the Belarusian State University there are ministers, prominent scientists and educationalists, political leaders working in many countries of the world.